Preheat oven to 425 degrees. On a rimmed baking sheet, drizzle asparagus with oil, turning to coat, and season with salt and pepper. Roast, shaking sheet once, until asparagus is crisp-tender and tips are golden, 12 to 14 minutes.
Meanwhile, warm butter in a skillet over medium heat. Add breadcrumbs and stir until toasted. Season with salt and stir in lemon zest. To serve, top asparagus with breadcrumbs.